The US Geological Survey recently released findings that show, as many people have suspected, that the process known as fracking is directly related to the incredible increase of earthquake incidence in the United States. According to the study, the amount of earthquakes has increased dramatically over the past few years; between 1973 and 2008 there was an average of 21 earthquakes of a magnitude 3 and larger on the Richter scale in the Central and Eastern United States. This increased to an alarming rate of 99M3+ earthquakes per year between 2009 and 2013, and this rate is continuing to rise.
Hydraulic fracturing, or more commonly referred to as simply “fracking,” is the “process of drilling down into the earth before a high pressure water mixture is directed at the rock to release the gas inside. Water sand and chemicals are injected into the rock at high pressure which allows the gas to flow out to the head of the well.”